On Thursday 30th of March, the second Platform Zero Incidents Stakeholder Conference took place. Roderick Stigter, de chairman of the day, lead the attendees through the day.
Below you find the highlights of the day, as well as the presentations.
Maurits van der Linde – Program Manager PZI
PZI studies the reported near misses and incidents, which resulted in 5 Safety Flashes and 9 Safety Alerts in 2016, addressing certain topics (you can find them via this link). In addition, 4 working groups discuss specific themes, often with direct involvement of stakeholders. PZI also contributes to other initiatives.
Platform Zero Incidents did not yet reach her goal of zero incidents. However, more reportings came in during 2016 than during 2015. This does not automatically mean that the sector has become less safe, it means that there is more trust between the parties and that the people on board are more aware. But still there is a lot of work to do to reach zero incidents. The responsibility for this lies with the sector in collaboration with the stakeholders.
How will we reduce the actual number of incidents? Can we expect a different result when we keep on doing the same things? What will you do differently?
Ira Helsloot – Professor of the politics of safety and security, CrisisLab
An accident used to be ‘an act of God’, now we often see that any mediagenic accident is seen as prove that the system (usually the government) has failed – we have shifted to a new blameculture, the precautionary culture. However, more rules do not automatically lead to more safety. In addition, choices need to be made, calculating the costs and benefits of a new or ‘improved’ measure.
Then there is the fact that people behave more safe when they feel unsafe. A point to take into account when thinking about or implementing a new measure.
And sometimes accidents are just like the black swan: a unique incident, a matter of ‘bad things happen’, and not the failure of a system. It is therefore important to focus on safety with a capital ‘S’ (the system) and not with a small ‘s’ (small OHS technical adjustments). Implementing a measure of which the expectancy is that the people will not actually work with it, is useless and will only cost resources.
Could the barging inductry be safer? Yes it can. Not by more governmental inspections, but in cooperation with the customers. in practice, working together is very difficult and therfore we should not count on anyone else solving the problems. In the end, everyone has their own responsibility. As a second option, insurance companies can play a role by the risk liability.
Ted Meeuwsen – Lt-Col M.Sc. sPTO Head of Aerospace Physiology Department at RNLAF
Over time, many experiments took place in which people took personal risks for the sake of the safety of other people. Think about the highest skydive ever. To make this happen, 3 parties worked together to get one man safe on the ground. Collaboration and safety go hand-in-hand, that is why we at the airforce always fly with a wingman. It is very important, though, that there is equality, that everyone in the team feels responsible for the overall safety and that there is room to speak out and that there is mutual respect.
A big factor on safety are the irregular workinghours. When it gets dark, during the night, the body makes melatonin. the body enters ‘sleeping mode’, regardless of whether or not a person is well rested. In addition, being awake for 17 hours is similar to a blood alcohol level of 0.5. With 24 hours this can go up to 1 BAC.
The development in technology can outperform the capacity of humans. It is therefore important that the human is taken into account in those technological developments and that they get properly trained.
Most of the causes for incidents do not come from technics, but from human behavior. People have the ability to prevent accidents from occuring, but they can also be the cause. It is therefore important to determine how we can help people to take the right decisions (at crucial moments). During the conference the focus was on the collaboration between different parties and how the communication and mutual understanding can be improved. More rules does not make people behave more safe, it is about awareness, understanding and training people and giving them the space to make the right decisions.
Ports & Terminals
The ship-shore interface is very important for this working group. Chainpartners work together for optimal applications. Specific mooring facilities that not always work for the barging industry are discussed. For example, sometimes a transfer or escape route might not always be safe, who is responsible and how can we make sure that it will be safe (again)? In addition, sometimes problems arise with loading arms or materials that fall down from ashore or a ship. Also the responsibilities are discussed, who is responsible for what and when and of which activity.
Shipyards & Contractors
The goal of this working group is reducing the number of incidents that occur at a shipyard, by working together and good communications between warf, shipowner and supplier. Discussions were held and all points will be brought back to the working group. For example, a discussion was held about a permit-to-work that should improve the communication and reveal the risks. However, a large amount of permits can make things more confusing, with all its consequences.The points discussed will be brought back to the working group.
Important part of this workhop was the importance of taking control when it comes to safety. The barging industry is the most capable to come to solutions when it comes to safety. Dry Cargo is organized in a different manner, which makes it more difficult to reach the people.
In addition the importance of reporting incidents and near misses was discussed. PZI has already proved herself, even in this young state, that certain situations can be more safe (for example a loading/discharging jetty). But specifically, reporting incidents and near misses anonymously can prevent a reoccurence for others. Almost all attendees have seen an incident up close, in person. by far most incidents are related to falling, tripping and slipping. Through relatively easy measures (good footwear, anti-slip on walkways and wearing a lifejacket on deck) accidents or the consequences can be prevented.